Income Tax Ki Jankari Hindi Me

Income tax jiske name se har koi darta hai, sabhi isse bachna chahte hai ya income tax pay nahi karna chahte. Jab ki yeh soch bohat galat hai, jab hum kisi kam ko puri tarah samaj lete hai to uske effect positive ho jate hai. Issi tarah yahi baat income tax par lagu hoti hai.

Iss article me hum apko income tax ki basic information denge jaise ki income tax kya hai ? Income tax kin chizo pe lagta hai? ye sare saval aapke man me honge jiske bare me hum apko detail me batayenge.

Income Tax

What is Income Tax?

Income tax yani income par lagnewala tax. Income tax ka sidha matlab hai ki aap jo income karte ho us par apko government ko tax dena padta hai.

Aap par kitna tax lagta hai wo aap ek person, company ya firm hai us par depend karta hai.

Agar koi person ko tax pay karna hai to slab rate lagu hota hai, Jabki company ya firm pe fixed rate lagu hota hai.

Income tax na bharne par apko government penalty laga sakti hai isliye aur tax ke paiso ko desh ka growth hota hai isi liye time pe income tax bharna jaruri hai.

Income tax ko samaj ne ke liye kuch basic terms ka knowledge hona jaruri hai.

Basic Terms of Income tax

  • Assessee – Assessee ka matlab hai taxpayer jo income tax act ke anusar tax ko pay karta hai.
  • Financial Year (F.Y) – Financial Year wo year hai jisme income hoti hai. Ye 1 April se 31 March tak hota hai. For example – Apne koi income June 2016 me ki to apka financial year 1 April 2016 se 31 March 2017 tak ka hoga.
  • Assessment year (A.Y.) – Apke through financial year me earn hui income par assessment year me tax diya jata hai. A.Y. waha year hai jo financial year pura hone ke baad start hota hai. Financial year 2016-17 ke liye assessment year 2017-18 hoga.

Types of Taxes

Income tax ke 2 types ke hai:

  1. Direct Tax
  2. Indirect Tax

Direct tax

Direct tax me income tax direct aapke through government ko diya jata hai.

Indirect tax

Isme sales tax, service tax, excise tax, custom tax include hote hai. Yaha tax humare through government ko direct pay nahi hota. Jo bill hum pay karte hai usme tax include hota hai to is tarah waha indirect way se government ko milta hai.

When Income tax is applicable?

Income tax kab lagu hota hai iska answer hai ki jab apki total income basic exemption limit se jyada hoti hai. Ek vyakti ek financial year me alag alag tarike se paise earn karta hai, jisko income tax alag alag head me baat deti hai aur in head ke through apka income tax return decide hota hai, jo aap assessment year me jama krvate hai. Galat income tax return karne par apki return invalid ho sakti hai isliye income sahi tarike se head me dekhani chahiye.

Types of different Head of income

  1. Income from salary: Isme Salary, Allowances, Perquisites, Pension, Gratuity etc., ko include kiya jata hai.
  2. Income from House Property: Isme house property se hone wali income ko include kiya jata hai.
  3. Profit and Gain from business and Profession: Agar aap koi business karte hai ya koi professional person hai to apki income isme include hogi.
  4. Capital Gain: Kisi capital asset ko transfer karne se hone wali income isme include hogi.
  5. Income from other sources: Jo income upar me se kisi me nahi aati wo iss head me aati hai. ex. interest, dividend, Fixed Deposit interest etc.,

Income Tax Slab Rates

Tax Slab of Men & Women ( Up to 60 year )

Slab Rate
2,50,000 Nil
2,50,001  to  5,00,000  5 %
5,00,001  to 10,00.000 20 %
10,00,000 and up 30 %

Tax Slab of Senior Citizens (60 to 80 year)

Income tax slab Income tax rate
 3,00,000 Nil
3,00,001 to 5,00,000 5 %
5,00,001 to 10,00,000 20 %
10,00,000 and up 30 %

Tax Slab of Senior Citizens ( 80 and up )

Slab Rate
5,00,000 Nil
5,00,001 to 10,00,000 20%
10,00,000 and up 30 %

Iss article ko padhne ke baad hum umeed karte hai ki apko income tax kya hai, kitni income pe kitna income tax lagta hai aur kitne type hai tax ye sab ke bare me pehle se jyada jankari mil gayi hogi. Agar aap ko koi sawal hai to niche comment box me puchh sakte hai.

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One Comment

  1. Thanks for sharing this info. it’s really nice.

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